Antioxidant status and smoking habits relationship with diet

The improvement of such abilities is linked to a decreased risk of neurological and psychiatric illnesses, another possible link to the inverse relationship between smoking and omega-3 intake [ 3233 ]. Patients taking more than two or three portions of fruit daily nine out of 30 were only distinguished by having lower plasma MDA 0.

Oxidative stress status was evaluated by measuring blood levels of individual antioxidants, global plasma antioxidant capacity and products of lipid peroxidation. In the present study, we detected a small, but significant difference in the omega-3 index between the group of smokers and non-smokers.

Among the measured oxidative stress indexes, only Schiff base concentration was positively related to the number of cigarettes smoked. The influence of factors such as age, sex, life style and smoking on oxidative stress status of the organism remains unclear.

Geographical and cultural patterns could induce a routinely different intake of foods rich in omega Mean daily consumption was calculated by extrapolating the values of 2—5 weekdays and of 1—2 weekend days, adding up and dividing by 7.

All volunteers completed a questionnaire concerning home and working environmental conditions, special habits and dietary preferences. Among the measured oxidative stress indexes, only Schiff base concentration was positively related to the number of cigarettes smoked.

Regarding high intakes, only one patient, who substituted the potato-carbohydrate portion by bread with vitamin E-enriched margarine, had a daily intake of 48 mg, all other patients taking less antioxidant status and smoking habits relationship with diet 20 mg per day.

We speculate that these foods are typically consumed in smaller quantities and less frequently. The specific aims were to investigate whether self-reported diet questionnaires and the locally available food tables can be used to calculate antioxidant intake via the diet, whether these calculated intakes have a direct relationship with levels of antioxidants and oxidative damage products in blood, and to identify factors, especially those related to the diabetic state, that might interfere with these relationships.

Trolox, the water soluble analogue of vitamin E, obtained from the same company, was used as control. It is suggested that dietary antioxidants are insufficient to neutralise the higher oxidative load in these patients, who would thus need intakes which, with the exception of vitamin C and carotenes, are difficult to achieve solely by dietary means.

Case—control study. Concerning dietary intake of antioxidants, in this group of diabetic patients an appreciable number of individuals took less than the RDA for some vitamins and most individuals ate less than two pieces of fruit per day, but there were neither extreme deficiencies nor excessive intakes.

Diet, Antioxidant Status, And Smoking Habits In French Men

Other epidemiological studies show benefit only in the subgroups taking supplements Stampfer et al,but intervention studies giving different doses of supplements have so far given conflicting results Yusuf et al, ; Stephens et al, ; GISSI, Blood samples of volunteers, were collected and allocated in three age groups.

Administration of synthetic antioxidants as dietary supplements does not seem to have the same beneficial effect as the consumption of the same antioxidants as part of food ingredients. The effect of dietary treatment on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in newly diagnosed non-insulin dependent diabetes.

As a consequence of any one of these mechanisms, the lower concentrations of omega-3 PUFAs could affect neurotransmission in several ways in the central nervous system.

Evaluation of the blood antioxidant capacity of the subjects in relation to age revealed a significant difference among young people years old and the middle-aged and elderly individuals.

So, the blood sample was collected early in the morning in fasting patients. In this group there were no extreme deficiencies or over-consumption.

These diabetes-related differences were significant even after correcting for age, sex, BMI, serum lipids and smoking, all well-known factors that are known to affect the delicate oxidant—antioxidant balance Dormandy, After removal of unbound conjugate by washing, a substrate solution is added and a blue color develops, which changes to yellow by the addition of stop solution.

Full size image Discussion In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between diet and OSS in diabetes mellitus patients. The continuous variables are described by means and standard deviations or by medians and ranges when the distributional assumptions were in doubt.

Figure 1 Scatter plot showing the relationship between plasma malondialdehyde and total antioxidant capacity expressed as Trolox equivalents a and glutathione b.

Correlation between TAC and age Factors such as smoking and physical activity which can influence the total antioxidant capacity were similar in all subjects. We detected an inverse trend, but not statistically significant, that is, the more the subject smoked, the lower was his or her omega-3 content.

The relationship between omega-3 and smoking habit: a cross-sectional study

There is evidence that DHA may improve cognitive ability and facilitate synaptic plasticity [ 15 ]. Exclusion criteria were refusal to sign the consent form, use of omega-3 supplements, illiteracy, inability to understand the study procedures, a strict vegetarian diet, pregnancy or nursing mothers, drug abuse, currently unstable diseases, including mental illnesses and any regular pharmacological treatment.

Oxidative stress status in patients with diabetes mellitus: relationship to diet

Plasma alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and carotenoids were measured as antioxidants and malondialdehyde, protein Schiff bases, and autoantibodies against malondialdehyde-protein adducts as oxidative stress indexes.

A standard deviation greater than half of the value of the respective mean was the criterion for data normality analysis. Moreover, the kind of antioxidants in food, as well as, food preparation procedure and food mixtures used, influences their effectiveness.Relationship between dietary intake, antioxidant status and smoking habits in female Austrian smokersCited by: The French smoking study is reviewed in the context of overwhelming evidence in smokers for oxidative damage to lung tissues, the relative roles of poor dietary habit and alcohol use, and.

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· Objective: To investigate the relationship between dietary intakes and in vivo oxidative stress (OS) status in diabetic patients. Design: Case–control by: Cigarette smoke is a significant source of oxidative stress, one potential mechanism for its untoward health effects.

The antioxidant defense system is partly comprised of antioxidant micronutrients, making it important to understand the relationship between cigarette smoking and circulating concentrations of antioxidant by: Research Article Diet Quality and Its Relationship with Antioxidant Status in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis AnnaPrescha,1 KatarzynaZabłocka-Słowińska,1 SylwiaPłaczkowska,2 DaivaGorczyca,3Author: Anna Prescha, Katarzyna Zabłocka-Słowińska, Sylwia Płaczkowska, Daiva Gorczyca, Anna Łuczak, Marceli.

Introduction: The present study was conducted to assess the association between smoking, dietary intake of antioxidants and plasma indices of oxidative stress and antioxidant defences in male smokers (cigarette and bidi smokers).

Methods: The study sample consisted of healthy men, including 50 non-smokers and 50 smokers, who were Cited by:

Antioxidant status and smoking habits relationship with diet
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